Trust in the Physician and in Medical Institutions. Modalities of Comprehension and Analysis | Mihaela RADOI & Adrian LUPU
Abstract: The issue of trust in the medical profession, in medical institutions, and in the healthcare system, implicitly, has been brought to the scientists’ attention lately, taking into account the erosion of trust, determined by the aggressive display in the media of medical personnel migration, of medical malpractice cases, of underfunding and bad management, of the high pressure on the system due to population ageing and to the increase in chronic disease incidence. Other explanations include the modifications in the attitudes, values, and expectations of the public concerning the healthcare system, the emergence of private health insurances and of private institutions, and the erosion of trust in State institutions because of incertitude and economic crises. This paper seeks to pinpoint, in the scientific literature, the definition of trust in the healthcare system, the determinants of trust in the patient – physician – institution – system relationship and the importance of social capital in these types of relationships, as well as the way in which the relationship between the patient and the actors within the medical system is created and influences the patient’s quality of life in the context of chronic disease.
Keywords: trust, institutional trust, healthcare system, chronic disease.
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