Aspects regarding the Agriculture Collectivization Process in Timis-Torontal District during 1949-1953

Aspects regarding the Agriculture Collectivization Process in Timis-Torontal District during 1949-1953  [Aspecte privind procesul colectivizarii agriculturii în judetul Timis-Torontal in perioada 1949-1953] | Loredana TANASIE

Abstract: The paper examines the period 1949-1953 meant to transform the Romanian agriculture and takes the Banat region as a point of reference. The agriculture, as well as the Romanian village reformation belongs to a unitary plan applied by Romanian communists with the aim of demonstrating their loyalty to the Soviets. On an internal plane, the purpose was to destroy the existing social structures and to replace them with new ones based on the Stalinist pattern, a perfect substitution with practices and norms of the model state. The case of Romania, and specifically the case of Banat in this paper, does not differ from what happened in the other countries of Central and Southeastern Europe, which passed under the influence of a state incapable of legitimate politics. Intending to create a frame as complex as possible, the study focused on the first period of collectivization of the Romanian agriculture, taking into consideration the premises of this reformation of the Romanian village, the methods used by the authorities to attain their goal and, not last, the results obtained by this politics, as well as the consequences on the Romanian village and the Romanian peasant.

Keywords: collectivization, the rates of system, kulak, collective farming, amalgamation.

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Aspects regarding the Agriculture Collectivization Process in Timi?- Torontal District during 1949-1953